History & References

Brass case for bow spectacles, with a hook on the lid, engraved George Fether, circa 1650
Brass case for bow spectacles, with a hook on the lid, engraved George Fether, circa 1650
Japanese woodblock print by Hokusai Katsushika (1760-1849), Megana-ya (Seller of Eyeglasses), c. 1811-1814, UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management, San Francisco
Japanese woodblock print by Hokusai Katsushika (1760-1849), Megana-ya (Seller of Eyeglasses), c. 1811-1814, UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management, San Francisco
Lorgnette Fan with Tortoiseshell sticks and Lace leaf.  The front Guardstick is carved and pierced and conceals a Tortoiseshell Lorgnette folding into it.  Probably French. (also seen in Spectacles and Other Vision Aids by Dr. William Rosenthal), circa 1890, Museum of Vision
 Lorgnette Fan with Tortoiseshell sticks and Lace leaf. The front Guardstick is carved and pierced and conceals a Tortoiseshell Lorgnette folding into it. Probably French. (also seen in Spectacles and Other Vision Aids by Dr. William Rosenthal), circa 1890, Museum of Vision
Charles Richard Bone (1809 - c. 1880), miniature portrait of Polly (May) Fox painted on ivory, 8.8 x 6.7cm, c. 1830 – 1840, Lefays Fine Arts, Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon, UK
Charles Richard Bone (1809 - c. 1880), miniature portrait of Polly (May) Fox painted on ivory, 8.8 x 6.7cm, c. 1830 – 1840, Lefays Fine Arts, Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon, UK
Horn frame, multifaceted (multiplying) prismatic lens, 4½ inch length and 2 inch diameter, custom-fitted shagreen case, c. 1750, Oppenheimer Collection.  Perhaps used as a toy rather than a scientific device. Quite unusual.
Horn frame, multifaceted (multiplying) prismatic lens, 4½ inch length and 2 inch diameter, custom-fitted shagreen case, c. 1750, Oppenheimer Collection. Perhaps used as a toy rather than a scientific device. Quite unusual.

Eyeglasses Through the Ages (Developmental History of Spectacles)

References and Recommendations for Further Study

Translations of Key Historical Documents

Honor Roll of Distinguished Persons

Timeline of Spectacle Development


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